2011-12 Annual Census of Post-M.D. Trainees Report!
As you may know, CAPER has been gathering data on post-M.D. training since 1989. Covering medical residency and fellowship programs at all universities, CAPER gives a comprehensive, long-term picture of the numbers and types of physicians moving through Canada's post-M.D. training system.
The Annual Census report highlights key statistical trends, such as:
- counts of postgraduate trainees and their demographic characteristics;
- enrolment in family medicine, medical, surgical and laboratory programs;
- international medical graduates (IMGs) and visa trainees;
- variations across universities and provinces;
- the number of residents and fellows exiting from post-M.D. programs;
- as well as the retention and migration of past post-M.D. graduates.
Specialization in Medicine How Much Is Appropriate?
Professions develop around the delivery of specialized services. Lawyersgive legal advice, electricians install wiring, and teachers provide education. At some point in the evolution of a field, licensure or certification defines its area of expertise. Licensure is a legal entity allowing only certain people to perform a task. Certification is a non−legally binding designation that informs consumers of qualifications. Frequently, licensing and certification are performed by professional organizations that oversee education, training/apprenticing, and evaluation through examination.
Specialization in medicine depends on 3 principal factors:
- advances in medical science and technology,
- professional preferences, and
- economic considerations.
HRH Global Resource Center
The HRH Global Resource Center is a global library of human resources for health (HRH) resources focused on developing countries. As a user driven site, we highly encourage your suggestions and feedback through our Contact Us page and the User Survey.
Please visit our website at: http://www.hrhresourcecenter.org/
This 2011 edition of Health at a Glance
This edition presents data for all 34 OECD member countries, including the four new member countries: Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia. Where possible, it also reports comparable data for Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, the Russian Federation, and South Africa, as major non-OECD economies.
Brain Gain, Drain & Waste: The Experiences of Internationally Educated Health Professionals in Canada
Authors: Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Elena Neiterman, Jane LeBrun, Ken Viers & Judi Winkup
Canada has historically relied on internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs) to address shortages in rural and remote locations and hard to fill positions within its health care system. It continues to do so and, while this has been true for medical and nursing labour in the past, this is now also true for midwives. At the same time, we hear of numerous accounts of IEHPs who are not able to practice their profession in Canada. The barriers to practice for IEHPs – what some have labelled the ‘brain waste’ problem – have recently become a significant concern for Canadians. The difficulties this causes are not limited to the Canadian context – in terms of lost labour, and possible solutions to its human resource crises – there are important implications for the countries from which health care providers migrate.
This study was designed to fill some of these gaps in our knowledge by examining:
- the experiences of internationally educated physicians, nurses and midwives who were
pursuing professional integration, who have achieved it, and who have decided to redirect
their efforts; and
- the barriers and facilitators they experienced along the way that they feel influenced their
relative success at becoming integrated into provincial health care systems in Canada