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Bourgeault, I.L. (Ed) (2023) Introduction to the Health Workforce in Canada. (2nd Ed.) Ottawa: Canadian Health Workforce Network ISBN: 978-1-7774168-3-6

CHWN is pleased to make this revised bilingual text freely available to all, given the importance of the knowledge contained therein. We would like to thank the sponsors of the first edition and the Team Primary Care initiative for support of this second edition, including its translation.

We are pleased to receive any comments about its contents.

An accompanying online, asynchronous course Introduction to Health Occupations in Canada is available at the University of Ottawa, one part of its Introduction to Health Workforce Studies microcredential. If you would like more information about this course or the microcredential, or if you would like to host a similar course at your College or University, please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

We would be happy to share the course materials that we have developed.


Table of contents  
Introduction - Ivy Lynn Bourgeault & Caroline Chamberland-Rowe
Audiologists and Speech-Language Pathologists 
Josée Lagacé, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick & Sharon Fotheringham, with earlier contributions from Sameer Ratti and Jessica Gwilliam

Chiropractors - 
Brian J. Gleberzon

Community Health Workers - 
Sara Torres

Dental Assistants, Hygienists and Therapists - 
Yvonne James, with contributions from Lesia Waschuk

Dentists and Dental Specialists - 
Yvonne James, with contributions from Lesia Waschuk

Yvonne James and Michael C. Vout

Dietitians - 
Stephanie Aboueid and Isabelle Giroux, with contributions from Sameer Ratti and Billie Jane Hermosura

Massage Therapists - 
Emily Rowland and Raha Mirshahi

Medical Laboratory Technologists 
Myuri Manogaran and Brenda Gamble

Medical Radiation Technologists - 
Myuri Manogaran, Brenda Gamble and Mark Given

Midwives - 
Elena Neiterman, Karen Lawford and Ivy Bourgeault

Nurses - 
Christine L. Covell, Shamel Rolle Sands, and Houssem Eddine Ben Ahmed
Occupational Therapists - Justine Jecker, Sarah Newell

Optometrists - 
Emily McMorris and Ivy Bourgeault

Paramedics - 
Emily Rowland and Madison Brydges

Personal Support Workers - 
Katherine Zagrodney, Simone Parniak & Christine Kelly

Pharmacists - 
Emily McMorris and Ivy Bourgeault, with contributions from Janet Cooper and Danielle Paes

Physician Assistants - 
Kristen Burrows, Meredith Vanstone & Ian Jones

Physicians and Surgeons - 
Lindsay Hedden, Asli Fuad & Ivy Bourgeault

Physiotherapists - 
Sarah Newell and Brenna Bath

Psychologists - 
Chantal Demers, Karen Cohen & Andrea Lee

Respiratory Therapists 
Raha Mirshahi, Myuri Manogaran & Brenda Gamble

Social Workers - 
Raha Mirshahi and Magdalena Baczkowska

We would like to thank the sponsors of the first edition

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We would also like to thank the Team Primary Care initiative for support of this second edition.